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非谓语动词综合讲练教程PPT课件

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非谓语动词综合讲练教程PPT课件

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这是非谓语动词综合讲练教程PPT课件,主要介绍了不定式、动名词用作主语;不定式作主语;小结;非谓语动词作补语;动名词时态、语态的用法;不定式的省略,欢迎点击下载。

  第2页

  不定式、动名词用作主语

  动名词作主语

  1。直接作主语:

  (1)眼见为实。(2)天天做早操有益于健康。(3)吸烟不是好习惯。

  1.Seeingisbelieving.2.Doingmorningexerciseseverydayisgoodforhealth3.Smokingisnotagoodhabit

  2.用it作形式主语,常与nouse,nogood,useless,worthwhile连用

  (1)广说不做没用(2)做无益的后悔没用(3)吸烟太多无益(4)学好英语是值得做的

  1.It’snousetalkingtoomuchwithoutdoinganything2.It’suselesscryingoverthespiltmilk.3.It’snogoodsmokingtoomuch4.It’sworthwhilelearningEnglishwell.5

  第4页

  小结:动名词与不等式作主语时的区别

  一、对称原则二、特殊表达三、固定句型四、习惯用法

  主语和表语对称

  动名词表示经常性、反复发生的动作不等式表示具体的、某一次的动作

  Ittakessbsometimetodosth

  It’snouse/nogood/useless/worthwhile+doing…It’skind/wise/clever…ofsbtodosthIt’simportant/necessary/hard…forsbtodosth

  第8页

  在forget,remember,regret,want,need,require,try,stop,goon,mean等动词后,可接不定式,也可接动名词做宾语,但含义差别。1forget,remember,regret+doing动作已经发生+todo动作未发生2want,need,require+doing表被动=tobedone注:beworthdoing=beworthytobedone3trydoing试着做trytodo尽力做,想要做4stopdoing停止做某事,(先后是一件事).stoptodo停下来做某事,(先后不是同一件事)5goondoing继续敌某事,(先后是同一件事)goontodo接下来做某事,(先后不是同一件事)6meandoing意味着做某事meantodo故意或想要做某事7can’thelpdoingsth抑制不住、禁不住做某事can’thelp(to)dosth无帮助、无助于做某事8,onlytodo…结果是…(出乎预料),onlydoing…结果是…(必然是…)

  E.注意下列11种不同动词或句型的用法

  第9页

  9prefertodo…ratherthando…宁愿…而不…preferdoing…todoing…wouldratherdo…thando…woulddo…ratherthando…10havenothingtodo/donothingbut/exceptdo…只好做(别无选择)enjoydoingnothingbutdoing…只喜欢做…wantnothingbuttodo…只想做…11在begin,start,continue等词后可接不定式作宾语,也可接动名词作宾语,意义区别不大.但要注意1)本身是-ing形式时,其后要接不定式2)如果表示主语有意识地开始做某事,多用动名词3)主语是物多用不定式4)其后的动词是表示情感的或与智力有关的,不用v-ing形式know,realize,hate,love,understand,wonder,remember,forget

  第11页

  Thisroomneeds_______.It’stooshabby.paintB.paintingC.topainD.paintedHaveyouconsidered______toimproveyourspokenEnglish?A.practisinglisteningandspeakingB,practisingtolistenandspeakC.topractiselisteningandspeakingD.topractisetolistenandspeak6.Attheageof18hebegan_______theimportanceofknowledge.A.understandB.understandingC.understoodD.tounderstand7.Intheolddays,manypeoplecouldn’tafford____theirchildrentoSchool.A.sentB,sendingC,tosendDsend8.------Wehaven’theardfromJaneforalongtime.------Whatdoyousuppose________toher?A.washappeningB,tohappenC,hashappenedD.havinghappened9.Weallappreciate________wheneveryouhavetime.A.JanedropinB,Jane’sdroppinginC,JanetodropinD.Janedropsin10.Haveyougotused_________inHarbin?A.tolivingB,toliveC,livingD,tobeliving11.Nobodyiswillingtogotoapartywithout___________.A.askingB,tobeaskedC,beingaskedD,havingasked

  4,B;5,A;6,D;7,C;8,C;9,B;10,C;11,C

  第15页

  Practise

  1]Theman_______________________(stand)overtherenow.2]Theman_______________________(stand)overtherethen.3]Theman_______________________(stand)overthereyesterday.4]Theman_______________________(stand)overthereveryoften.5]Theman_______________________(stand)overtheretomorrow..

  isstandingwasstandingstoodstandswillstand

  1]Theman___________(stand)overtherenowisfromAmerica.2]Theman___________(stand)overtherethenisfromAmerica.3]Theman___________(stand)overthereyesterdayisfromAmerica.4]Theman__________(stand)overthereveryoftenisfromAmerica.5]Theman__________(stand)overtheretomorrowisfromAmerica.

  whoisstandingwhowasstandingwhostoodwhostandswhowillstand

  (whois)standing(whowas)standing(who)stood-standing(who)stands-standing(whowill)stand-tostand

  Fillintheblankswithverbsgivenintheirproperforms

  Fillintheblankswithverbsgivenintheirproperforms

  第16页

  Fillintheblankswithverbsgivenintheirproperforms

  Fillintheblankswithverbsgivenintheirproperforms

  1,Thebuilding______________(build)herenow.2,Thebuilding______________(build)herethen.3,Thebuilding______________(build)herelastyear.4,Thebuilding______________(build)hereveryoften.5,Thebuilding______________(build)herealready.6,Thebuilding______________(build)herenextyear.

  1,Thebuilding______________(build)herenowisaschool.2,Thebuilding______________(build)herethenisaschool.3,Thebuilding______________(build)herelastyearisaschool.4,Thebuilding______________(build)hereveryoftenisaschool5,Thebuilding______________(build)herealreadyisaschool.6,Thebuilding______________(build)herenextyear.

  isbeingbuiltwasbeingbuiltwasbuiltisbuilthasbeenbuiltwillbebuilt

  whichisbeingbuiltwhichwasbeingbuiltwhichwasbuiltthatisbuiltthathasbeenbuiltthatwillbebuilt

  (whichis)beingbuilt(whichwas)beingbuilt(whichwas)built(thatis)built(thathasbeen)built(thatwill)tobebuilt

  第19页

  四、省to的不定式作宾补:宾补省to记11,一感二听三使役;五看一帮两均可,被动该to不能弃.feel,hear,listento,have,let,make,see,lookat,notice,observe,watch,helpWeoftenseethemplayfootball;TheyareoftenseentoplayfootballHewasmadetostandoutsidefortwohours

  分词短语作宾补一.能带现在分词做宾补的动词有:have,get,keep,set,send,leave,catch,hear,listento,feel,see,find,lookat,watch,observe,noticeMyfatherhadonlytwomenworkingforhimDon’thavethehorserunningsofast,It’sdangerous.Haveyounoticedtheboypassingacrossthestreet?

  过去分词作宾补二、能带过去分词作宾补的动词有make,have,getleave及感官动词see,watch,lookat,findhearlistento,feel等.宾语与补语的关系是被动含义时,用过去分词作宾补Iwassurprisedtoseesomanypeopleseatedatthebackoftheclass.IhaveneverheardthissongsungsosweetlyYou’dbettergetyourbikerepairedatonce

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《非谓语动词综合讲练教程PPT课件》是由用户huangyixuan于2022-11-24 17:26:34上传,属于培训教程PPT。

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