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动词专讲ppt

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动词专讲ppt

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这是动词专讲ppt下载,主要介绍了什么是动词;行为动词;连系动词;及物动词和不及物动词,欢迎点击下载。


 《动词的分类》
什么是动词?
动词可以按照含义及它们在句中的作用分成四类
动词可以按照含义及它们在句中的作用分成四类
及物动词和不及物动词
3.动词+间接宾语+直接宾语
bring, hand, lend ,
mail ,offer ,owe ,pass ,
post ,read, return ,
send ,sell ,show ,
take ,teach ,tell ,
throw ,write
book ,buy, choose
 cook, draw ,fetch
 find ,fix ,get
make, order ,pick
 prepare save sing
  spare steal
不及物动词
1.没有被动形式的词
happen,occur,rise,lie,die
既作及物又有不及物动词的词
他跑的快。
He runs fast.
他经营一家工厂。
He runs a factory.
study,fly,run, change
二、动词考察点分项说明:
2、动词的过去式及过去分词的构成 ① 规则动词的变化:    规则动词的过去式和过去分词的构成方法是相同的。
三、掌握系动词be, look, feel, smell, get, become, turn, keep等的基本用法;
 常见的连系动词有:become, turn, get,
grow, keep, feel, look, seem, smell, fall等。它
们后面常接形容词,构成系表结构。
 
 Please keep the classroom clean. 请保持教室的干净。
 
 The bread looks very fresh. 这些面包看上去很新鲜。
状态变化系动词
四、掌握助动词be, do, have, shall, will的基本用法;
 助动词是“辅助性”动词,一般没有词义,不能单独
作谓语,但可用来帮助构成谓语,表示不同的时态,
语态,和数的变化。
    
常见的助动词有:
(1)be (am, is, are, was, were, being, been) 与现在分词结合,
构成各种进行时态;或与过去分词结合构成被动语态。
 
I’m looking for my pen. 我正在找我的笔。(现在进行时)
   
These cups are made in China. 这些杯子是中国制造的。(被动语态)
(五)掌握情态动词can, must, need, may等基本句型结构及主要用法
一、连系动词 (be, look,get)
     二、使役、感观动词 (let, make,feel}
     三、主动表被动 (sell, write)
     四、只接动名词做宾语 ( mind, enjoy)
     五、只接不定式作宾语 (ask, decide)
     六、宾语不同、意义不同  (stop)  
    七、接动名词、不定式意义区别不大 (like)
    八、宾语不同、但意义相 同 (need, require)
    九、接宾语和宾补、形式不同(allow)
     十、接虚拟语气(suggest)
    十一、瞬间非延续性动词 (come)
    十二、表计划未能实现的动词(plan)
    十三、情感动词类(excite)
    十四、否定前移类(think)
    十五、不带不定式作复合宾语(wish,hope)
    十六、省略替代类(guess)
四、只接动名词做宾语的词/词组
mind, risk, avoid, enjoy, miss, keep, suggest, appreciate, practice, delay, finish, dislike, excuse, imagine, consider, forbid, escape    admit, advise, allow,
put off, give up,  be worth, be busy
 devote…to, look forward to, be used to, lead to,
succeed in, spend/waste time (in)                          have a good/hard time (in)                             have difficulty /trouble (in)                                 there is no use(in)
1.She looked forward every spring to_____   the flower-lined garden.
   A.visit                  B.paying a visit  
   C.walk in            D.walking in
2.I would appreciate______back this afternoon.
   A.you to call       B.you call
   C.your calling    D.you’re calling
3.The day he has looked forward to______
   at last.
   A.coming   B.came   C.come   D.comes
口诀:
喜欢、考虑不可免(enjoy, consider, escape, avoid)
停止,放弃太冒险(stop, give up , risk)
反对想象莫推延(mind,imagine, delay, put off)
要求完成是期望(require, finish, look forward to.)
建议继续勤操练(suggest, go on, practice)
不禁原谅要坚持(can’t help, excuse , insist on)
继续注意使成功(keep on, mind, succeed in)
五、只接不定式作宾语的词/词组
decide, expect, hope, wish, order, refuse,   promise, pretend, agree, seem, attempt, fail, offer, happen, warn, afford
make up one’s mind to, be determined to         used to, be about to, be able to, have to           would like/love to=should like/love to
1.I would love______to the party last night. A.to go                   B.to have gone                       C.going                  D.having gone
2.Mr Smith warned her son______after drinking.                                                          A.never to drive      B.to never drive            C.never driving       D.never drive
3.She pretended_____me when I passed by.                                                                    A.not to see               B.not seeing                  C.to not see               D.having not seen
六、宾语不同、意义不同
1) go on to do / go on doing
2) stop to do / stop doing
3) remember to do / remember doing
4) forget to do / forget doing
5) mean to do / mean doing
6) regret to do / regret doing
7) try to do / try doing
8) can’t help (to) do / can’t help doing
七、接动名词、不定式意义区别不大
begin , start, continue, like, love, hate          prefer
It began raining.
It is beginning to rain.
I prefer staying home to going out.
I prefer to stay home rather than go out.
Tired as he was,he continued to work.                                                               =Though he was very tired,he continued    working.                                                         
He likes playing football,but he doesn’t like to play football today.
十、接虚拟语气的词
1)insist   2)order, command            4)advise, suggest, propose , recommend                   4)demand, ask, require, request
1.He ordered that we (should)leave at once.
2.His order that we (should) leave at once  was right.
3.He insisted that his brother_____ there.   
  A.go      B.went        C.going      D.to go
4.He insisted that he______ nothing wrong and ______ set free.
  A.do;be                    B.had done;was
  C.had done;be         D.did; was
5.His voice suggested that he______angry.
  A.is      B.be        C.was        D.were
 6.He suggested that the boy _____ sent to hospital at once.
   A.was   B.be        C.is           D.were
十一、瞬间非延续性动词
go, come, leave, start, return, arrive,   stop, finish, borrow, lend, open,close,    die, become, break, join, kill, marry, graduate,buy
marry--be married    seat--be seated
    hide--be hidden     engage--be engaged
    die--be dead    begin--be on     join--be in
    borrow--keep      come--be/stay
    leave--be away    buy--have=have got
1.He died ten years ago,that’s to say,he has _____ for ten years.
   A.been died              B.been dead
   C.died                       D.been dying
2.When Jack arrived he learned Mary
    ____for almost an hour.
   A.had gone              B.had set off
   C.had left                 D.had been away
He is leaving for Beijing tomorrow.
The boy is so sick that he is dying fast.
The bus is coming.
The train is leaving.
1.The news sounds _____________.(encourage)
2.The play was so ___________ that nearly everybody was _________ to tears.(move)
3.Looking at her paper, she nodded with a___________ smile on her face.(satisfy)
4.He looked at me with a__________look. (puzzle)
十四 、否定前移类
believe, imagine, suppose, think, feel , guess
1.I don’t think he can finish the work,____?  A.can’t he    B.can he   C.do I   D.don’t I
2.We don’t believe she knows it,______?         A.does she                    B.doesn’t she              C.do we                        D.don’t we
3.You don’t think he can finish it, ______?    A.do you                       B.don’t you                C.can he                        D.can’t he
十五、不带不定式作复合宾语
hope, agree, suggest, demand, imagine, would rather
I wish him to come.
=I hope that he will come.
I allowed/permitted him to go there.
=I agreed that he can go there.
He advised me to do it right now.
=He suggested (to me) that I (should) do it right now.
I prefer him to go there.
=I would rather he went there.
I can’t imagine such a girl like Mary doing such a thing.
He wanted me to do it.
=He demanded that I (should)do it.
十六 、省略替代类
1)believe, think, suppose, expect, guess
I think so.                                                      I think not = I don’t think so
2) hope, fear, be afraid + so / not
3) intend, want, plan, wish, like, love, hate,   hope, try,                                  would (should) like / love to
Do you want to have a rest?                           Yes, I want to, but I can’t.
Did you get the new stamps?                         No,I tried to, but there  wasn’t any left in that post office.                                               
I didn’t mean to call you at late night,but I had to as I did have something important to  tell you.
 

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《动词专讲ppt》是由用户叹沉浮于2018-05-12上传,属于英语课件PPT。

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