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澳大利亚历史地理位置及主要城市介绍ppt

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澳大利亚历史地理位置及主要城市介绍ppt

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这是一个关于澳大利亚历史地理位置及主要城市介绍ppt,主要介绍了澳大利亚简介、历史、政治、国家和地区、澳大利亚的主要城市等内容。

Politics
The Politics of Australia takes place within the framework of a parliamentary democracy, with electoral procedures appropriate to a two-party system. Australia is governed as a federation and as a constitutional monarchy, with an adversarial legislature based upon the Westminster system.
Australians elect parliamentarians to the Parliament of Australia, a bicameral body which is a hybrid of the parliamentary mechanisms carried over from the United Kingdom with the uniquely federalist element of the Australian Senate. Australia operates a system of compulsory voting.
States and territories
Adelaide 阿德莱德
   Brisbane 布里斯班
   Townsville 汤斯维尔
   Darwin 达尔文
Perth柏斯   
Newcastle纽卡斯尔
Canberra is the capital city of Australia, With a population of over 345,000, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall.
The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), 280 km (170 mi) south-west of Sydney, and 660 km (410 mi) north-east of Melbourne.
Sydney
Other famous tourist attractions
Melbourne
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia.
The Melbourne City
Centre is the hub of the greater geographical area  and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2009, the greater geographical area had an approximate population of four million. Inhabitants of Melbourne are called Melbournians.
That settlement was soon abandoned and moved to North Quay in 1825. Free settlers were permitted from 1842. Brisbane was chosen as the capital when Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony from New South Wales in 1859.
In 2008, Brisbane was classified as a gamma world city in the World Cities Study Group’s inventory by Loughborough University. It was also rated the 16th most livable city in the world in 2009 by The Economist.
Adelaide is a coastal city situated on the eastern shores of Gulf St Vincent, on the Adelaide Plains, north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, between Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges.
Perth
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia and the fourth most populous city in Australia. The Perth metropolitan area has an estimated population of 1,659,000.
Perth became known worldwide as the "City of Light" when city residents lit their house lights and streetlights as American astronaut John Glenn passed overhead while orbiting the earth on Friendship 7 in 1962. The city repeated the act as Glenn passed overhead on the Space Shuttle in 1998. Perth is tied for eighth place in The Economist's 2010 list of the World's Most Livable Cities.
Considered the unofficial capital of North Queensland, Townsville hosts a significant number of governmental, community and major business administrative offices for the northern half of the state.
Newcastle
The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and includes most of the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie Local Government Areas. It is the hub of the Greater Newcastle area which includes most parts of the Local Government Areas of City of Newcastle, City of Lake Macquarie, City of Cessnock, City of Maitland and Port Stephens Council.
Situated 162 kilometers near the northeast of Sydney, at the mouth of the Hunter River, it is the predominant city within the Hunter Region.
Famous for its coal, Newcastle is presently the largest coal exporting harbor in the world, exporting over 97 Mt of coal in 2009–10 with plans to expand annual capacity to 180 Mt by 2013. Beyond the city, the Hunter Region possesses large coal deposits.
 

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